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تفسير الطبري - سورة الأعلى


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خيارات حفظ الصفحة والطباعة

حفظ الصفحة بصيغة ووردحفظ الصفحة بصيغة النوت باد أو بملف نصيحفظ الصفحة بصيغة htmlطباعة الصفحة
سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الْأَعْلَى (1) (الأعلى) mp3
الْقَوْل فِي تَأْوِيل قَوْله تَعَالَى : { سَبِّحْ اِسْم رَبّك الْأَعْلَى } اِخْتَلَفَ أَهْل التَّأْوِيل فِي تَأْوِيل قَوْله : { سَبِّحْ اِسْم رَبّك الْأَعْلَى } فَقَالَ بَعْضهمْ : مَعْنَاهُ : عَظِّمْ رَبّك الْأَعْلَى , لَا رَبّ أَعْلَى مِنْهُ وَأَعْظَم . وَكَانَ بَعْضهمْ إِذَا قَرَأَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ : سُبْحَان رَبِّي الْأَعْلَى . ذِكْر مَنْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ : 28633 - حَدَّثَنِي يَعْقُوب بْن إِبْرَاهِيم , قَالَ : ثَنَا هُشَيْم , قَالَ : أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو بِشْر , عَنْ سَعِيد بْن جُبَيْر , عَنْ اِبْن عُمَر أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقْرَأ : { سَبِّحْ اِسْم رَبّك الْأَعْلَى } : سُبْحَان رَبِّي الْأَعْلَى { الَّذِي خَلَقَ فَسَوَّى } قَالَ : وَهِيَ فِي قِرَاءَة أُبَيّ بْن كَعْب كَذَلِكَ . 28634 - حَدَّثَنَا اِبْن بَشَّار , قَالَ : ثَنَا عَبْد الرَّحْمَن , قَالَ : ثَنَا سُفْيَان , عَنْ السُّدِّيّ , عَنْ عَبْد خَيْر , قَالَ : سَمِعْت عَلِيًّا رَضِيَ اللَّه عَنْهُ قَرَأَ : { سَبِّحْ اِسْم رَبّك الْأَعْلَى } فَقَالَ : سُبْحَان رَبِّي الْأَعْلَى . 28635 - حَدَّثَنَا اِبْن حُمَيْد , قَالَ : ثَنَا حَكَّام , عَنْ عَنْبَسَة , عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاق الْهَمْدَانِيّ , أَنَّ اِبْن عَبَّاس كَانَ إِذَا قَرَأَ : { سَبِّحْ اِسْم رَبّك الْأَعْلَى } يَقُول : سُبْحَان رَبِّي الْأَعْلَى , وَإِذَا قَرَأَ : { لَا أُقْسِم بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَة } 75 1 فَأَتَى عَلَى آخِرهَا { أَلَيْسَ ذَلِكَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَى أَنْ يُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى } ؟ 75 40 يَقُول : سُبْحَانك اللَّهُمَّ وَبَلَى . 28636 -حَدَّثَنَا بِشْر , قَالَ : ثَنَا يَزِيد , قَالَ : ثَنَا سَعِيد , عَنْ قَتَادَة { سَبِّحْ اِسْم رَبّك الْأَعْلَى } ذُكِرَ لَنَا أَنَّ نَبِيّ اللَّه صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ إِذَا قَرَأَهَا قَالَ : سُبْحَان رَبِّي الْأَعْلَى * - حَدَّثَنَا اِبْن حُمَيْد , قَالَ : ثَنَا مِهْرَان , عَنْ خَارِجَة , عَنْ دَاوُد , عَنْ زِيَاد بْن عَبْد اللَّه , قَالَ : سَمِعْت اِبْن عَبَّاس يَقْرَأ فِي صَلَاة الْمَغْرِب { سَبِّحْ اِسْم رَبّك الْأَعْلَى } سُبْحَان رَبِّي الْأَعْلَى . وَقَالَ آخَرُونَ : بَلْ مَعْنَى ذَلِكَ : نَزِّهْ يَا مُحَمَّد اِسْم رَبّك الْأَعْلَى , أَنْ تُسَمِّي بِهِ شَيْئًا سِوَاهُ , يَنْهَاهُ بِذَلِكَ أَنْ يَفْعَل مَا فَعَلَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ , مِنْ تَسْمِيَتهمْ آلِهَتهمْ بَعْضهَا اللَّات وَبَعْضهَا الْعُزَّى . وَقَالَ غَيْرهمْ : بَلْ مَعْنَى ذَلِكَ : نَزِّهْ اللَّه عَمَّا يَقُول فِيهِ الْمُشْرِكُونَ كَمَا قَالَ : { وَلَا تَسُبُّوا الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُون اللَّه فَيَسُبُّوا اللَّه عَدْوًا بِغَيْرِ عِلْم } 6 108 وَقَالُوا : مَعْنَى ذَلِكَ : سَبِّحْ رَبّك الْأَعْلَى ; قَالُوا : وَلَيْسَ الِاسْم مَعْنِيّ . وَقَالَ آخَرُونَ : نَزِّهْ تَسْمِيَتك يَا مُحَمَّد رَبّك الْأَعْلَى وَذِكْرك إِيَّاهُ , أَنْ تَذْكُرهُ إِلَّا وَأَنْتَ لَهُ خَاشِع مُتَذَلِّل ; قَالُوا وَإِنَّمَا عُنِيَ بِالِاسْمِ : التَّسْمِيَة , وَلَكِنْ وُضِعَ الِاسْم مَكَان الْمَصْدَر . وَقَالَ آخَرُونَ : مَعْنَى قَوْله : { سَبِّحْ اِسْم رَبّك الْأَعْلَى } : صَلِّ بِذِكْرِ رَبّك يَا مُحَمَّد , يَعْنِي بِذَلِكَ : صَلِّ وَأَنْتَ لَهُ ذَاكِر , وَمِنْهُ وَجِل خَائِف . وَأَوْلَى الْأَقْوَال فِي ذَلِكَ عِنْدنَا بِالصَّوَابِ : قَوْل مَنْ قَالَ : مَعْنَاهُ : نَزِّهْ اِسْم رَبّك أَنْ تَدْعُو بِهِ الْآلِهَة وَالْأَوْثَان , لِمَا ذَكَرْت مِنْ الْأَخْبَار , عَنْ رَسُول اللَّه صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَعَنْ الصَّحَابَة أَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا إِذَا قَرَءُوا ذَلِكَ قَالُوا : سُبْحَان رَبِّي الْأَعْلَى , فَبَيَّنَ بِذَلِكَ أَنَّ مَعْنَاهُ كَانَ عِنْدهمْ مَعْلُومًا : عَظِّمْ اِسْم رَبّك , وَنَزِّهْهُ .

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